In France, wines with geographical indication include French wines classified as AOC and those classified as VdP; wines without geographical indication (what the French call VSIG, ie vins sans indication géographique) equate to the vin de table category, which may now show vintage and grape variety on the label.
This association of AOC and VdP as wines with geographic indication (GI) has led to a hot debate in France about the colour used for VdP capsule tops: shouldn't they be green like those on AOC wines rather than blue like those on VdT? No prizes for guessing which producers take which side of the argument. Other solutions so far suggested include: a new colour for indication géographique protégée or IGP (come in Pantone), or the same colour for both but a distinguishing symbol for IGP wines.
In the light of the poor and declining sales of French wines in the last 12 months or so (see French wine sales plummet), thoughts of fiddling and Rome burning come readily to mind.
Summary of EU labelling changes
Part of the difficulty in conveying this information succintly lies in the number of languages involved and the proliferation of abbreviations. As I pointed out in Will Europe's labels change?, national classifications, also known in EU-speak as 'traditional terms', such as DO, DOC, IGT may (and surely will) still be shown on labels as long as they are already registered and in use. The use on the label of the terms listed below is optional if a registerd 'traditional term' is shown* but the categories themselves are the underlying framework for the regulations.
Two overarching categories:
wine with geographical indication
wine without geographical indication
Two subcategories of wine with geographical indication:
protected designation of origin (PDO)
protected geographical indication (PGI)
Some equivalent terms for protected designation of origin:
France: appellation d'origine protégée (AOP)
Spain: denominación de origen protegida (DOP)
Italy: denominazione di origine protetta (DOP)
Germany: geschützte Ursprungsbezeichnung (gU)
Portugal: denominações de origem protegidas (DOP)
Hungary: oltalom alatt álló eredetmegjelölések (OEM)
Some equivalent terms for protected geographical indication:
France: indication géographique protégée (IGP)
Spain: indicación geográfica protegida (IGP)
Italy: indicazione geografica protetta (IGP)
Germany: geschützte geographische Angabe (ggA)
Portugal: indicações geográficas protegidas (IGP)
Hungary: oltalom alatt álló földrajzi jelzések (OFJ)
* 'Traditional term' in this context means 'a term traditionally used ... to
designate ... that the product has a protected designation of origin or
geographical indication under Community or Member State
law', eg IGT Lazio or AC Haut-Médoc.
For links to the actual regulations, in all EU languages, see here.