On International Women's Day writer and wine-tourism specialist James Mayor introduces five of Portugal's most accomplished wine producers. This could be read in conjunction with Where have women got to in wine? and this video of a discussion of wine, women and COVID-19.
Tonight Jancis will be participating in an all-female online event organised by Salut Wines in aid of Manchester's Living Museum. More details here.
For an introduction to how important women are to Bulgarian wine production, see this online presentation by Caroline Gilby MW.
And WineGB will be presenting eight 30-minute interviews with prominent women on the UK wine scene on their Instagram channel (@winegb) at 6 pm each evening from tonight until 15 March. Replays will be available on IGTV, on WineGB’s YouTube Channel as well as on the WineGB and Women in Wine websites.
In 2020, one of Portugal’s most accomplished wine producers told me, in his opinion, the best winemakers were usually women. Last November Jancis wrote in this Financial Times article about ‘women’s proven superior tasting sensitivity’. According to Robinson, we ‘have reached a tipping point in the way women are treated in the wine world’.
Portugal has several women in senior wine-trade positions, from Beatriz Machado, who was wine director at The Yeatman and has just joined Niepoort in Oporto, to Olga Martins, CEO of Lavradores de Feitoria in the Douro. But what about women winemakers? At a time when the new US vice president, the president of the European Commission and best-selling authors such as J K Rowling are women, how are women winemakers positioned? As the global wine industry competes for market share with other alcoholic beverages and attempts to widen its consumer base to include younger and more diverse drinkers, it is interesting to note that in the US 60% of wine consumers are female.
In a traditionally male-dominated profession, this century has seen considerable change. Unfortunately, it is not possible in a single article to mention all the talented women winemakers working in Portugal today. However, when talking with wine-trade insiders I found several names kept recurring: five mid-career women winemakers, vineyard owners or consultant oenologists, of more or less the same generation, who have significantly contributed to breaking the mould.
Joana Maçanita (pictured above) has made wines in several regions of Portugal, as well as early on gaining what she calls a ‘disciplined’ winemaking perspective at Haselgrove Wines in South Australia. Since 2006, Joana has made some of her best wines in the Algarve, including a long-standing, successful collaboration with Quinta João Clara in Alcantarilha. In clay soil Joana works with the traditional Negra Mole grape to make a splendid, fresh, fruity, monovarietal red, João Clara Negramole. The batches produced are small and consumption remains mainly local, due to government restrictions on vineyard planting.
A driven experimenter, in the manner of Dirk Niepoort, Joana talks about her ‘emotional involvement’ in winemaking and mentions that when she started she encountered more tolerance from the wine trade in the north of Portugal than the south. Far from restraining her creativity, she says the COVID-19 pandemic has enabled her to spend time on digital development and the creation of an online shop. With her brother António, Joana has recently set up her own winemaking project in the Douro, known simply as Maçanita. In the hills near Alijó in the Cima Corgo, brother and sister are working with micro-terroirs and very old vines, and we can expect some exciting surprises.
In the Alentejo, in Montemor-o-Novo near Évora, Dorina Lindemann, pictured above, is developing an innovative, research-based project at Quinta da Plansel with winemaker Carlos Ramos. Among 75 hectares (185 acres) of vineyard, dotted with olive trees and cork oaks, Dorina experiments with her favourite grape variety, Portugal’s resilient Touriga Nacional. The meso-climate at Montemor-o-Novo provides cool nights to offset the intense Alentejo daytime heat, while Touriga Nacional’s roots dig deep to find water in the iron-rich soil. The relative proximity of the Atlantic adds a touch of saltiness.
Dorina believes that wines today need to be made for immediate drinking rather than ageing. Quinta da Plansel’s wines are elegant with light oak, the Touriga Nacional providing floral notes balanced by powerful tannins. The brand has a growing number of followers in its two principal export markets, Germany and Switzerland.
Quinta da Plansel is far more than a successful wine producer, however. It is a veritable hub of activity. In addition to making wines, Plansel has conducted extensive research into varietal selection with pioneering work on monovarietals. Dorina runs a nursery that supplies winemakers throughout Portugal with vine plants. Her father Hans Jörg Böhm is a distinguished authority on Portuguese grape varieties as well as a collector of contemporary art. Exhibitions are curated in the estate’s gallery. Plansel was also the first winery to become an approved WSET (Wine & Spirit Education Trust) wine-education provider, offering level 1 and level 2 courses. To receive wine enthusiasts when tourism resumes, Dorina is currently preparing four comfortable apartments grouped around a 12th-century chapel on the estate.
Sandra Tavares da Silva, pictured above, is a winemaker of exceptional talent who has worked in the Douro since the turn of the century. In 2001, after working as an oenologist for Cristiano van Zeller at Quinta Vale D Maria, she founded Wine & Soul with her husband Jorge Serôdio Borges, also a gifted winemaker. The couple realised that the Douro had the potential to become one of the world’s great classic winemaking regions. Sandra is now at the pinnacle of Portuguese winemaking with an international reputation. Wine & Soul was the only Portuguese brand listed in the Wine Spectator’s Top 100 in 2020 (in this writer’s humble opinion, the Top 100 could have fitted in one or two more Portuguese wines), and the only Portuguese brand with three wines in the all-important Revista de Vinhos listing, respectively the leading international and national rankings.
At Vale de Mendiz, Sandra and Jorge create traditional Douro field blends from old vines, giving their wines a modern twist of elegance and lightness. She refers to these field blends as ‘the Douro’s greatest secret’. Each grape variety sings a distinctive song in harmony with its companions. Despite her stellar reputation, Sandra pays tribute to the knowledge transmitted from older generations and acknowledges winemaking is a continual process of learning.
The Douro is another Portuguese region for which, at least for the time being, international recognition is not always followed by available bottles. In this mountain vineyard, yields are extremely low and quantities produced correspondingly small. But do look out for anything from Wine & Soul with a Pintas, Guru or Manuella label; it will be worth every cent. Sandra also makes wine at her parents’ estate, Quinta de Chocapalha near Lisbon.
Sandra Tavares has a winemaking partnership with Spanish-born Susana Esteban, pictured above. For the fun of making wine together, the two friends make the delightfully named, and excellent, Crochet in the Douro and Tricot in the Alentejo. Susana has another collaborative project called Sidecar in which she challenges a friend (for instance Dirk Niepoort, a major influence for her winemaking) to produce a wine in her cellar. Trained in oenology at La Rioja University in Spain, Susana began working in the Douro in 1999, spending five years from 2002 as head winemaker at Quinta do Crasto and contributing to building one of Portugal’s greatest wine brands. In 2012, she became the only woman ever to receive the prestigious Revista de Vinhos’ Best Winemaker of the Year award.
Susana has just bought five hectares (12 acres) of vineyard at Alegrete in the Alto Alentejo at an elevation of 700 m (2,300 ft). Disarmingly, she says she is not expecting her first vintage for another 10 years, and is still identifying the varieties of grapes in her vineyard, but we can bet the wines will be worth the wait.
Finally, I have to mention Filipa Pato, pictured above with one of Portugal’s most famous products, who makes wines in the Bairrada, a region with sandy clay and limestone soils which attracts many of Portugal’s best winemakers. The daughter of the distinguished Luís Pato, Filipa creates a stream of unusual experimental wines of the highest quality. Many are made with the red Baga variety, a star of the Bairrada. It is no exaggeration to say that if her father Luís is the King of Baga, then Filipa is Baga’s uncontested Princess.
Post-Quercus is aged in small, unlined clay pots that permit micro-oxygenation, allowing a more rapid ageing process. The 2017 has the incredible concentration of Baga, wonderful freshness, and rounded, supple tannins ideal for drinking now. Nossa Calcário Branco is made from the traditional Bairrada white variety Bical, with vines at least 25 years old. Complex, delicious and beautifully oaked, with notes of toasted nuts and fresh fruit, this wine is an impressive example Portugal’s ability today to deliver top-quality whites. Filipa also creates two of my favourite Portuguese sparkling wines, 3B Brut and 3B Rosé, both rich, refreshing, excellent-value wines guaranteed to lift the spirit.
When you are next in your local wine store, I urge you to seek out women winemakers and discover for yourself the particular qualities they bring to the bottle.
Originally published in Essential Algarve, February 2021